Coin Values Moving with Precious Metals: Up-Dated 5/29/2023: Gold $1945 | Silver $23.25
The premium 1884 nickel value listed on the chart is the result of the challenge collectors experience when attempting to find quality examples. Evaluating the important features required for collectible quality, and a narrow value range, is done with a series of steps assuring a complete assessment.
Starting with recognizing the series of nickels quickly moves to the date, condition, and insights into underling qualities to evaluate.
Steps Leading to Value:
|1884 Nickel Value|
|Condition of Coin|
|Liberty Nickel Value Updated||2023|
Listed on the value chart is a range to the wholesale market for 1884 nickels. As a guide, use these listings as a starting point to how much they are worth. Variables are demand, dealer's needs, and overall quality of the coin.
All 1884 nickels are the production of the Philadelphia mint, no other mints struck nickels at the time. With the high premiums these have developed comes the need to accurately record the date. Although over 11.2 were minted, the level of demand by collectors is strong. Values indicate a lack of quality pieces available. A second look to verify the date is done.
1884 nickels have, over time, become an infrequent coin to find in quality condition. This lack of nice eye appealing coins extends into the lower, Good condition range. Grading classifies the different conditions as a rating.
Comparing a coin to the grading images finds a close match. Descriptions further refine the judgment by inspecting features important to qualify for each grade.
Mint State: Mint State is defined as a nickel with no wear to its surface. To determine this grade, luster is an important feature to recognize. Luster is the shine a new coin displays. Handled carefully over time luster is maintained intact. Imparted during the striking process, fine grains shimmer as luster and are part of the metal's surface. A delicate texture, luster quickly wears during use.
Features to inspect are Liberty's cheek and neck just above the date. Both areas are raised, open, and contoured. Any wear smooths the surface removing the texture and changes the color of the metal to a soft gray. By comparing the high areas to lower protected areas, a low area is beneath her ear, shine and texture matches on Mint State coins.
An additional inspection is made of the fine high relief lines of the design. Edges to the leaves above her ear are fully rounded with no flattened spots. Fine hair detail behind her ear shows no signs of smoothing. Judge the surface from a few angles to help "see" the coverage of luster.
Extremely Fine: Extremely fine grade Liberty nickels represent a nice collectible condition, easily placed into collections. It is the amount of remaining detail and visible crispness helping identify the grade. Light wear just beginning to flatten the highest points of the design is a description of the grade.
Elements to inspect and judge are the small strands of hair above Liberty's forehead. A light amount of merging of strands is noted above her eye. Looking towards the ear, well separated strands remain. It is this disconnect of merged metal important to the grade. Also note the small amount of merging is seen in the bun of hair at the back of her head. All smoothed metal is in small separate areas, deep lines define the bun, with no widespread missing details.
Interestingly, when examining to the stars along the rim, often some are smooth and others show impressed radial lines within the centers. This is due to hardness and difficulty of striking nickel alloy metal. Stars with rounded centers are used to help gauge amount of wear to the coin.
A nice silver-gray color to the metal and lack of large scratches improves the overall impression of the coin as a quality piece.
Fine Grade: Fine grade Liberty nickels display many smaller details, those deeply impressed. They also display large smooth areas missing the higher relief details. The grade is defined as a mixture of moderate wear without completely missing major details.
Liberty's hair is an example of moderate wear smoothing the hair over her forehead with visible hair detail remaining towards the back of her head. Placing the coin in Fine grade is the moderate wear has all but removed the defining hair line separating the forehead. This weakness of detail above her eye and extending almost to the ear helps detect moderate wear.
Special to the Fine grade is a readable "LIBERTY" on the headband. With the "I" of Liberty often very faded, a visible letter "I" is a positive and lends quality to the coin.
Good Grade: Once the majority of small details are missing within the central area of Liberty's portrait the condition is considered Good grade.
Liberty's contoured features, hair and headband are now completely flattened by wear. Only an outline remains. A few positives are required to classify as Good grade quality Liberty nickels. Importantly, no fading of her outline into the field of the coin. Often this happens towards the back of her head. Confirm a raised edge defining the portrait is complete.
Additionally, all thirteen stars are visible and separate of the inner edge of the rim. A coin with faded or missing stars is a lower quality and less appealing to collectors. The key elements remaining visible: her portrait, stars, rim, and date are all clear of each other.
Grading Liberty Nickels | How to Video and Descriptions
A large difference in value is seen because of subtle differences in condition and detail remaining within the design How to grade these features is presented in a detailed video, images, and descriptions.
Positioned between 1883, the first year of the Liberty series, and 1885, the series rarity; 1884 nickels are nicely represented on the value chart. Their special quality is their overall infrequent availability on the market. A difficult issue to find a pleasing example of in any condition. A large majority are in the condition imaged below.
Heavy wear, causing missing details of major design elements, becomes a large drawback to these old nickels. Years of use has reduced the attractiveness of the coins imaged. Note the stars are faded and mostly gone on the coin to the left. A partial date is highlighted, and discoloration of the coin to the right is unnatural, the result of improper storage. These are difficult coins to find buyers for.
A dealer is in the market for pleasing coins without "problems" to acquire for inventory. 1884 nickels, representing quality surfaces, are the coins in demand by collectors.
In contrast to the unattractive coins, this 1884 nickel is well preserved and appealing for its condition. A lightly circulated example with honest wear, a natural toned surface, and free of darkness and noticeable marks. Both the obverse, with the fine strands of hair visible, and the reverse, with small details of the corn and cotton within the wreath, are visible and pleasing. Graded as Extremely Fine, the coin is both solid for the grade and the premium quality a collector adds to their collection.
A special quality coin stands out from those with eye catching problems. Its value is fundamentally stronger than most. Judging 1884 Liberty nickels for aesthetic appeal eliminates a large portion of those remaining today. Aesthetic appeal is part of the value scale in any grade or condition.
U.S. Mint. 1885 U.S. Mint Annual Report
U.S. Mint. Catalogue of Coins of the United States. https://nnp.wustl.edu/library/book/554591
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